The marketing and use of conventional plastic bags in Cabo Verde are now banned under Act of 1st January 2017. This is the culmination of a struggle carried out by the Association for Environmental Protection and Development (ADAD) within the framework of the “Cabo Verde without plastic bags” drive in partnership with MAVA and PRCM.
In this endeavour, ADAD received support from other partners, such as the Ministries of Environment, Housing, Spatial Development and Tourism, Industry and Entrepreneurship Development, as well as the Network of Parliamentarians for Environmental Protection, Municipalities, industrial manufacturers, etc. Under the new Act, economic actors who continue selling and using plastic bags may face sanctions, with fines ranging from 50,000 to 100,000 thousand Escudos for physical entities and from 250,000 to 800,000 thousand Escudos for businesses.
ADAD launched the project with the aim of sensitising policy-makers and citizens over the plastic bag plague which pollutes the seas and small islands and causes damages to cities, with the congestion of sanitation networks and canals, thereby causing floods in urban areas and the development of malaria-carrying insects. In the face of the proliferation of plastic bags in cities, local governments and the sea, due to their improper use, the Ministry of Environment carried out a study whose findings showed that plastic bags accounted for 11% of solid waste.